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BYTE Magazine

Byte magazine was a microcomputer magazine, influential in the late 1970s and throughout the 1980s because of its wide-ranging editorial coverage. Whereas many magazines from the mid-1980s had been dedicated to the MS-DOS (PC) platform or the Mac, mostly from a business or home user's perspective, Byte covered developments in the entire field of "small computers and software", and sometimes other computing fields such as supercomputers and high-reliability computing. Coverage was in-depth with much technical detail, rather than user-oriented.

Byte started in 1975, shortly after the first personal computers appeared as kits advertised in the back of electronics magazines. Byte was published monthly, with an initial yearly subscription price of $10. Byte was able to attract advertising and articles from many well-knowns, soon-to-be-well-knowns, and ultimately-to-be-forgottens in the growing microcomputer hobby. Articles in the first issue (September, 1975) included Which Microprocessor For You? by Hal Chamberlin, Write Your Own Assembler by Dan Fylstra and Serial Interface by Don Lancaster. Advertisements from Godbout, MITS, Processor Technology, SCELBI, and Sphere appear, among others. Early articles in Byte were do-it-yourself electronic or software projects to improve small computers. A continuing feature was Ciarcia's Circuit Cellar, a column in which electronic engineer Steve Ciarcia described small projects to modify or attach to a computer (later spun off to become the magazine Circuit Cellar, focusing on embedded computer applications). Significant articles in this period included the "Kansas City" standard for data storage on audio tape, insertion of disk drives into S-100 computers, publication of source code for various computer languages (Tiny C, BASIC, assemblers), and breathless coverage of the first microcomputer operating system, CP/M. Byte ran Microsoft's first advertisement, as "Micro-Soft", to sell a BASIC interpreter for 8080-based computers.

In spring of 1979, owner/publisher Virginia Williamson sold the magazine to McGraw-Hill. She remained publisher until 1983, about 8 years after founding the magazine, and subsequently became a vice president of McGraw-Hill Publications Company. Shortly after the IBM PC was introduced, in 1981, the magazine changed editorial policies. It gradually de-emphasized the do-it-yourself electronics and software articles, and began running product reviews, the first computer magazine to do so. It continued its wide-ranging coverage of hardware and software, but now it reported "what it does" and "how it works", not "how-to-do-it." The editorial focus remained on any computer system or software that might be within a typical individual's finances and interest (centered on home and personal computers). From 1975 through 1986 Byte covers usually featured the artwork of Robert Tinney. These covers made Byte visually unique. In 1987 Tinney's paintings were replaced by product photographs, and Steve Ciarcia's "Circuit Cellar" column was discontinued.

Around 1985 Byte started an online service called BIX (Byte Information eXchange) which was a text-only BBS style site running on the CoSy conferencing software, also used by McGraw-Hill internally. Access was via local dial-in or, for additional hourly charges, the Tymnet X.25 network. Monthly rates were $13/month for the account and $1/hour for X.25 access. Unlike CompuServe, access at higher speeds was not surcharged. Many of the Byte staff were active on the service. Later, gateways permitted email communication outside the system.

Byte continued to grow. By 1990 it was a monthly about an inch in thickness, a readership of technical professionals, and a subscription price of $56/year, a high figure for the time. It was the "must-read" magazine of the popular computer magazines. Around 1993 Byte began to develop a web presence. It acquired the domain name byte.com and began to have discussions and post selected editorial content. It developed a number of national sister editions in Japan, Brazil, Germany, and an Arabic edition published in Jordan.

The readership of Byte and advertising revenue were declining when McGraw-Hill sold the magazine to CMP Media, a successful publisher of specialized computer magazines in May 1998. The magazine's editors and writers expected its new owner to revitalize Byte but CMP ceased publication with the July 1998 issue, laid off all the staff and shut down Byte's rather large product-testing lab.

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BYTE Magazine
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FEATURES CIARCIA'S CIRCUIT CELLAR: UNDERSTANDING LINEAR POWER SUPPLIES THE VISUAL MIND AND THE MACINTOSH A GLIMPSE INTO FUTURE TELEVISION MICROSOFT MACINTOSH BASIC VERSION 2.0 THE APPLE STORY, PART 2: MORE HISTORY AND THE APPLE III UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLIES AN INTRODUCTION TO FIBER OPTICS, PART 2: CONNECTIONS AND NETWORKS ALGORITHMS FOR A VARIABLE-PRECISION CALCULATOR AUDIO-FREQUENCY ANALYZER FONT DESIGN FOR PERSONAL WORKSTATIONS EXPERT SYSTEMS-MYTH OR REALITY? REVIEWS REVIEWER'S NOTEBOOK...
Topics: ibm, disk, software, computer, apple, data, inquiry, color, graphics, printer, hard disk, personal...
BYTE Magazine
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A rescan for this item is available here . Foreground p.10 FREQUENCY ANALYSIS OF DATA USING A MICROCOMPUTER [author F R Ruckdeschel] Application of the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) p.36 ADD NONVOLATILE MEMORY TO YOUR COMPUTER [author Steve Ciarcia] Using electrically alterable read-only memory as a "read-mostly" memory p.54 FASTER AUDIO PROCESSING WITH A MICROPROCESSOR [author William J Dally] Selected hardware circuits make possible higher-fidelity processing systems p.120 ANALYSIS...
Topics: computer, data, byte, disk, program, software, memory, system, byte publications, byte december,...
BYTE Magazine
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Features p.18 An Introduction to Atari Graphics [author Chris Crawford and Lane Winner] Learning to use the Atari display list can help to unleash the full power of Atari's custom LSI video integrated Circuits. p.34 The Panasonic and Quasar Hand-Held Computers: Beginning a New Generation of Consumer Computers [author Gregg Williams and Rick Meyer] This full-function computer fits in your hand and weighs 14 ounces. p.48 Electromagnetic Interference [author Steve Ciarcia] Interfering electrical...
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BYTE Magazine
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Features p.32 The Generic Word Processor, A Word-Processing System for All Your Needs [author Philip Schrodt] You'll be amazed by this product's versatility. p.40 Use Infrared Communication for Remote Control [author Steve Ciarcia] Texas Instruments' SN76832AN Infrared Remote-Control Receiver simplifies the tough job of receiving modulated infrared light. p.50 How to Use Color Displays Effectively , A Look at the Elements of Color Vision and Their Implications for Programmers [author John...
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BYTE Magazine
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A rescan for this item is available here . Themes p.52 16-Bit Designs [author Phil Lemmons] Powerful 16-bit microprocessors coupled with greater memory capacity and, advanced memory-management techniques promise to elevate the micro to new levels of power and speed. And the winners are the users. In our theme articles you'll read about what's new in the 16-bit arena. p.54 Sunrise Systems [author Bruce Roberts] This Texas-based startup company produces portable 8- and 16-bit microcomputer...
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BYTE Magazine
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Features p.18 Writing with a Data-Base Management System [author Edward E Brent Jr] word-processing systems work fine after you know what you're going to say, but a data-base management system can help you get it all together. p.36 Switching Power Supplies, An Introduction [author Steve Ciarcia] You can experiment with a simple design for a nonisolated single-ended switching voltage regulator p.48 Fundamentals of Relational Data Organization [author Joel Neely and Steve Stewart] How you can...
Topics: data, disk, computer, software, program, byte, apple, inquiry, system, byte publications, disk...
BYTE Magazine
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A rescan for this item is available here . Features p.32 The Generic Word Processor, A Word-Processing System for All Your Needs [author Philip Schrodt] You'll be amazed by this product's versatility. p.40 Use Infrared Communication for Remote Control [author Steve Ciarcia] Texas Instruments' SN76832AN Infrared Remote-Control Receiver simplifies the tough job of receiving modulated infrared light. p.50 How to Use Color Displays Effectively , A Look at the Elements of Color Vision and Their...
Topics: computer, disk, data, program, software, byte, apple, inquiry, system, byte publications, disk...
BYTE Magazine
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Cover Story p.30 The Apple Macintosh Computer [author Gregg Williams] The firm that brought forth the Lisa now offers mouse-window-desktop technology in an under-$2500 system. p.58 An Interview: The Macintosh Design Team [author Phil Lemmons] The "wizards" behind the Macintosh discuss the design goals and philosophy that influenced the development of Apple's new computer. Columns p.88 Build the Circuit Cellar Term-Mite ST Smart Terminal, Part 2: Programming and Use [author Steve...
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